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ARTICLE: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

There are a lot of gastrointestinal disorders, ranging from mild, moderate and severe, which if not well taken care of can lead to further complications.  One of such gastrointestinal disorders is IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or spastic colon, nervous colon, mucous colitis: is a group of symptoms including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage. These symptoms occur over a long time, often years. It has been classified into four main types depending on whether:

  • Diarrhea is common
  • Constipation is common
  • Diarrhea and Constipation are common
  • Neither occurs very often.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) negatively affects quality of life and may result in missed school or work. Disorders such as anxiety, major depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome are common among people with IBS. Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) are not clear. Although, theories include gut motility disorders, pain sensitivity, infections including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, neurotransmitters, genetic factors, and food sensitivity Onset may be triggered by an intestinal infection, or stressful life event.

IBS is a functional gastrointestinal disorder.

Diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms in the absence of worrisome features.

Worrisome features include onset at greater than 50 years of age, weight loss, blood in the stool, or if there is a family history of inflammatory bowel disease.

Other conditions that may present similarly include celiac disease, microscopic colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, bile acid malabsorption, and colon cancer.

There is no cure for IBS yet.

Treatment is carried out to improve symptoms. This may include dietary changes, medication, pro biotics, and counseling. dietary measures include increasing soluble fiber intake, a gluten free diet, or a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP).

The medication loperamide may be used to help with diarrhea while laxatives may be used to help with constipation, Antidepressants may improve overall symptoms

Our advice: Visit any nearest hospital or health facility for proper diagnosis and conservative management.

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